Wednesday, September 20, 2017

SRL MS Thesis Defense of Jung In Koh. Thursday, June 15. Title: Developing a Hand Gesture Recognition System for Mapping Symbolic Hand Gestures to Analogous Emoji in Computer-Mediated Communication

Thesis Defense
Thursday, June 15

Title: Developing a Hand Gesture Recognition System for Mapping Symbolic Hand Gestures to Analogous Emoji in Computer-Mediated Communication



Jung In Koh

1 PM Thursday, June 15, 2017

Teague 326

Abstract



Recent trends in computer-mediated communications (CMC) have not only led to expanded instant messaging (IM) through the use of images and videos, but have also expanded traditional text messaging with richer content, so-called visual communication markers (VCM) such as emoticons, emojis, and stickers. VCMs could prevent a potential loss of subtle emotional conversation in CMC, which is delivered by nonverbal cues that convey affective and emotional information. However, as the number of VCMs grows in the selection set, the problem of VCM entry needs to be addressed. Additionally, conventional ways for accessing VCMs continues to rely on input entry methods that are not directly and intimately tied to expressive nonverbal cues. One such form of expressive nonverbal that does exist and is well-studied come in the form of hand gestures.
In this work, I propose a user-defined hand gesture set that is highly representative to VCMs and a two-stage hand gesture recognition system (feature-based, shape based) that distinguishes the user-defined hand gestures. The goal of this research is to provide users to be more immersed, natural, and quick in generating VCMs through gestures. The idea is for users to maintain the lower-bandwidth online communication of text messaging to largely retain its convenient and discreet properties, while also incorporating the advantages of higher-bandwidth online communication of video messaging by having users naturally gesture their emotions that are then closely mapped to VCMs. Results show that the accuracy of user-dependent is approximately 86% and the accuracy of user independent is about 82%. 

Biography

Jung In Koh is a Master's student in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at Texas A&M University and a research assistant in the Sketch Recognition Lab. Before joining Texas A&M, she received the bachelor's degree in Computer Science from Sookmyung Women's University in South Korea. Her research interests include motion-detection and data mining.

Advisor: Dr. Tracy Hammond

 

Monday, June 19, 2017

SRL MS Thesis Defense of Seth Polsley. Monday, June 5. Title: Identifying Outcomes of Care from Medical Records to Improve Doctor-Patient Communication

Thesis Defense
Monday, June 5

Title: 
Identifying Outcomes of Care from Medical Records to Improve Doctor-Patient Communication



Seth Polsley

3 PM Monday, June 5, 2017

Teague 326

Abstract

Between appointments, healthcare providers have limited interaction with their patients, but patients have similar patterns of care. Medications have common side effects; injuries have an expected healing time; etc. By modeling patient interventions with outcomes, healthcare systems can equip providers with better feedback. In this work, we present a pipeline for analyzing medical records according to an ontology directed at allowing closed-loop feedback between medical encounters. Working with medical data from multiple domains, we use a combination of data processing, machine learning, and clinical expertise to extract knowledge from patient records. While our current focus is on technique, the utlimate goal of this research is to inform development of a system using these models to provide knowledge-driven clinical decision-making.


Biography

Seth Polsley is a graduate student in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at Texas A&M University and a research assistant in both the Sketch Recognition Lab and College of Medicine Biomedical Informatics Research group. Before joining A&M, he received a B.S. in Computer Engineering from the University of Kansas where he worked with the Speech and Applied Neuroscience Lab. His research interests may be broadly described as intelligent systems, which has led to work on multiple learning- based systems in the domains of education and health.
 


Advisor: Dr. Tracy Hammond

Thursday, June 8, 2017

SRL MS Thesis Defense of Josh Cherian. Friday, December 9. Title: Recognition of Everyday Activities through Wearable Sensors and Machine Learning

Thesis Defense
Friday, December 9

Title: Recognition of Everyday Activities through Wearable Sensors and Machine Learning



Josh Cherian

10 AM Friday, December 9, 2016

Teague 326

Abstract
Over the past several years, the use of wearable devices has increased dramatically, largely due to their increasingly smaller and more personal form factors, greater sensor reliability, and increasing utility and affordability.  This has helped many people live healthier lives and achieve their personal fitness goals, as they are able to quantifiably and graphically see the results of their efforts every step of the way. While these systems work well within the fitness domain, they have yet to achieve a convincing level of functionality in the larger domain of healthcare.To facilitate the increased use of wearable devices to aid in healthcare, we present a two tier recognition system for identifying health activities in real time based on accelerometer data. To do this we run a series of users studies to collect data for six everyday activities: brushing one's teeth, combing one's hair, scratching one's chin, washing one's hands, taking medication, and drinking, achieving an f-measure of 0.85 when identifying these activities in a controlled setting. To evaluate our recognition system's ability to recognize activities in a naturalistic setting, we identify instances of brushing teeth over the course of a day. We initially achieve an f-measure of 0.68; however we are able to improve this to 0.85 by proposing and extracting several novel features. Through recognition of these activities, we aim to encourage the use of wearable devices for everyday personal health management. 

Biography
Josh Cherian is a MS candidate at Texas A&M University in the department of Electrical Engineering working under Dr. Tracy Hammond in the Sketch Recognition Lab. Josh completed his BS in Biomedical Engineering from Georgia Institute of Technology. His primary research interest is activity recognition, with a specific focus on recognizing daily health activities such as brushing one's teeth, washing one's hands, and taking medication.

Advisor: Dr. Tracy Hammond
    

Tuesday, March 7, 2017

SRL MS Thesis Defense of Nahum Villanueva Luna. Monday, March 6. Title: ARCaching: Using Augmented Reality on Mobile Devices to Improve Geocacher Experience

Thesis Defense
Monday, March 6

Title: ARCaching: Using Augmented Reality on Mobile Devices to Improve Geocacher Experience



Nahum Villanueva Luna

10 AM Monday, March 6, 2017

516 H.R. Bright Building

Abstract


ARCaching is an augmented reality application designed to help Geocachers on their quest to find hidden containers around the world. Geocaching is a popular treasure hunting game that uses GPS


coordinates and mobile devices to guide players to hidden object. ARCaching is trying to test the effects that using augmented reality on this kind of tasks could have and if it helps to improve the user's experience while Geocaching. 

Biography
  Born on Mérida Yucatán Mexico on April 29 in 1991. I got my bachelor's degree as a Software Engineer on 2013 at "Universidad Autónoma De Yucatán" in Mexico. I'm currently finishing my master's degree on computer engineering at Texas A&M at the Sketch Recognition Lab.

Advisor: Dr. Tracy Hammond








 

Friday, March 3, 2017

SRL MS Thesis Defense of Jorge I. Herrera-Camara. Friday, March 3. Title: Flow2code - From Hand-drawn Flowchart to Code Execution


Thesis Defense

Friday, March 3

Title:   Flow2code - From Hand-drawn Flowchart to Code Execution

Jorge I. Herrera-Camara

10:00 AM, March 3, 2017
Location: 516 H.R. Bright Building

Abstract




Flowcharts play an important role when learning programming by conveying algorithms graphically and making them easy to read and understand. When learning how to code with flowcharts and the transition between the two, people often use computer based software to design and execute the algorithm conveyed by the flowchart. This require the users to learn how to use the computer based software which often leads to a steep learning curve. Using off- line sketch recognition and computer vision algorithms on a mobile device the learning curve can decrement, by drawing the flowchart on a piece of paper and using a mobile device with a camera to be able to capture it. Flow2Code is a code flowchart recognizer that allows the users to code simple scripts on a piece of paper by drawing flowcharts. This approach attempts to be more intuitive since the user does not need to learn how to use a system to design the flowchart. Only a pencil, a notebook with white pages and a mobile device is needed to achieve the same result. The main contribution of this thesis would be to provide a more intuitive and easy to use tool for people to translate and execute flowcharts into code. 

 Biography
Born in Yucatan, Mexico, studied software engineering as undergraduate back home. I have worked in Software Engineering roles for two years after graduating from undergrad. Then decided to start my MS in Computer Science here at A&M in 2015.

Advisor: Dr. Tracy Hammond 

 
 

SRL MS Thesis Defense of Aqib Bhat. Thursday, March 2. Title: Sketchography - Automatic Grading of Map Sketches for Geography Education

Thesis Defense
Thursday, March 2

 
Title: Sketchography - Automatic Grading of Map Sketches for Geography Education
Aqib Bhat
10 am, Thursday, March 2, 2017
Room 326 Teague Building
Abstract
Geography is a vital classroom subject that teaches students about the physical features of the planet we live on. Despite the importance of geographic knowledge, almost 75% of 8th graders scored below proficient in geography on the 2014 National Assessment of Educational Progress. Sketchography is a pen- based intelligent tutoring system that provides real-time feedback to students learning the locations, directions, and topography of rivers around the world. Sketchography uses sketch recognition and artificial intelligence to understand the user’s sketched intentions. As sketches are inherently messy, and even the most expert geographer will draw only a close approximation of the river’s flow, data has been gathered from both novice and expert sketchers. This data, in combination with professors’ grading rubrics and statistically driving AI-algorithms, provide real-time automatic grading that is similar to a human grader’s score. Results show the system to be 94.64% accurate compared to human grading. 

Biography

Aqib Niaz Bhat obtained his Bachelor of Technology degree in Electronics and Communication engineering from National Institute of Technology, Srinagar, India. He is currently a Computer Science Master's thesis student in the department of Computer Science & Engineering at Texas A&M University, College Station. He has worked as a software engineer with Wipro Technologies and interned with Amazon.com. Aqib is a member of the Sketch Recognition Lab.


Advisor: Dr. Tracy Hammond


 
  

Tuesday, October 4, 2016

Sketch Recognition Lab Summer Defense Follow-Ups

Over the summer of 2016, three Sketch Recognition Lab members, Siddartha Karthik, Swarna Keshavabhotla, and Stephanie Valentine, successfully defended their theses and dissertation in front of their committees and Director Tracy Hammond. The back-to-back-to-back defenses made for a long day on June 10th, but one that was well worth the work and the hours put in by everyone involved.

(Siddartha Karthik)

Siddartha Karthik, who is getting his MS in Computer Science and is set to graduate in August 2016, presented his thesis work on data mining and labeling in sketch recognition. His advisor was Dr. Hammond. Motivated by his want “to do some kind of data mining and machine learning” and a sketch recognition class, which he greatly enjoyed, that he took when he was in his first semester at Texas A&M University, Karthik focused his research on the recognition and labeling of images. 
As stated in his abstract:

“Recognizing sketches instantaneously is necessary to build beautiful interfaces with real time feedback. There are various techniques to quickly recognize sketches into ten or twenty classes. However for much larger datasets of sketches from a large number of classes, these existing techniques can take an extended period of time to accurately classify an incoming sketch and require significant computational overhead. Thus, to make classification of large datasets feasible, we propose using multiple stages of recognition… This process both significantly reduces the time taken to classify such huge datasets of sketches, and increases both the accuracy and precision of the recognition.”

Now that his thesis has been defended and he’s set to graduate at the end of the summer, Karthik is preparing to start working at Uber in San Francisco. When asked about where he saw his research going, he replied, “The first thing I have in my mind is to get it published. After that, there are a lot of ways in which others could expand on my work.”

Furthermore, if he could change one thing about his time in SRL, Karthik stated that he “Should have started working on [his] research a couple of semesters earlier” to make the process easier and less stressful.


(Stephanie Valentine defending her dissertation)
In a much different area of sketch recognition, Stephanie Valentine defended her dissertation and became Dr. Valentine with her research about children's social networking. Valentine has worked for years developing KidGab, a social media site designed for children under the age of 13, and promoting her nonprofit, Wired Youth.
As Valentine stated, "Lots of people have studied teens and adults, but children's social networking behaviors (from the perspective of the social network designer/admin) had never been published. I looked at questions like, What do pre-adolescents really talk about online? Are they likely to conform to one another? Which activities and affordances engage them most?"

When asked about her motivation for the research, Valentine responded that she wanted her work to be meaningful and good for humanity. Knowing the pain of cyberbullying, she saw plenty of research regarding cyberbully, but most was focused on reporting it or detecting it, rather than extinguishing it.

"I chose work which simultaneously prevents cyberbullying and is meaningful to the research world," she commented. "Kids are going to be online anyway, so why not give them a safe space to learn how to social network before they are expected to grasp the concepts and safety procedures of adult networks it at the level of an adult? My social network, KidGab; my nonprofit, Wired Youth; and now the iPhone and Android apps are all dedicated to that aim."

Valentine plans to stay in SRL as a research assistant and to continue her work on KidGab and has received a grant from the National Science Foundation which will fund her research for about a year. She plans to have a graduate assistant for research as she works to build her social network site even more, reaching more and more children every day.

"This lab has been amazing in so many ways," she reflected when asked about her takeaways. "When I arrived, the lab members nicknamed it the "rainbow lab" because we had people from such diverse origins working together in collective awesomeness. Dr. Hammond has a knack for recruiting very personable and energetic students, so the lab is frequently abuzz with some new exciting thing or another (be it technological, social, algorithmic, Pokemon-related, or anything else)."

Continuing by saying that Dr. Hammond has been supportive beyond the call of duty for an adviser, Valentine's "biggest takeway will be in [her] interactions and observations of [Dr. Hammond]." She continued, "I want to be her when I grow up: a scientist with a wide lens of knowledge, the life of every conversation and the brightest presence in any room. And now she's doing all that with a baby in her arms. It's unbelievable."

When asked about what direction her research is going, Valentine answered that it could go in so many ways that she often has to stop herself from asking more questions about it. Be it studying digital conformity found in children online or the creative processes of creation that children go through when allowed to draw and post their own sketches, the path which KidGab's research could go is endless and in an area of study that is relatively untapped. 
(Valentine explaining KidGab to her audience)
Upon reflecting on her time at SRL and her dissertation research, Valentine isn't sure if she would go back and change something, if she could, though she would love to go back and converse with her past-self.
"I would tell myself that the next few years are going to be hard. Your work won't always be respected because of its lack of theoretical algorithmic-ey-ness. Your thesis won't look like a Greek mathematician's notebook, and that's okay. People will reason that dealing with math and computers is much harder than dealing with humans, right? And you're not just dealing with humans, you're dealing with children. Piece of cake, they'll say. False. So false. They've clearly never tried to extract scientific meaning from a child's digital poetry. I would tell myself that you'll have to fight and fight some more for what you believe in, forging your own path when there isn't one before you. You'll find a way.
Not everyone will be happy, computer scientist reviewers can be mean and unreasonable, so take solace in those who do believe in your work. There are awesome people who will help and guide you. Pay attention to them. But in the end, you'll be so proud of your dissertation -- your legacy -- and the difference you made in the hearts of many a Girl Scout!"

Everyone in the Sketch Recognition Lab would like to congratulate Siddartha Karthik, Swarna Keshavabhotla, and Dr. Stephanie Valentine on all of their hard work. We are so proud of everything they have accomplished - and will accomplish in the future.

Friday, June 10, 2016

SRL MS Thesis Defense of Swarna Keshavabhotla. Friday, June 10. Title: PerSketchTivity: Recognition and Progressive Learning Analysis

Thesis Defense
Friday, June 10

Title: PerSketchTivity: Recognition and Progressive Learning Analysis

Swarna Keshavabhotla
3:30pm Friday, June 10, 2016
Room 326 Teague Building

Abstract
Development of novice computing technologies has opened the door for computer- based tutoring systems in areas where it was previously not possible. Sketch-based tutoring systems are being developed for subject domains, which involve diagram- matic representations for problem solving. In this thesis, we present PerSketchTivity, a sketch-based tutoring system for design sketching that allows students to hone their skills in design sketching and self-regulated learning through real-time feedback. Students learn design-sketching fundamentals through drawing exercises of reference shapes starting from basic to complex shapes in all dimensions and subsequently receive real-time feedback assessing their performance.
PerSketchTivity consists of a recognition system, which recognizes the correctness of the sketch on the fly, on completion, feedback system provides real-time feedback and the evaluation system evaluates the sketch based on various features like error, smoothness and speed. The focus of this thesis is to evaluate the performance of the system in terms of the recognition efficiency and also the impact on the drawing skills of the students practicing with this system.

Biography
Swarna Keshavabhotla is a MS candidate at Texas A&M University department of Computer Science and Engineering. She is a member of Dr. Tracy Hammond's Sketch Recognition Lab. The focus of her research is development of sketch recognition algorithms for assessment in Intelligent Tutoring Systems and feedback mechanisms for enhancing the impact of the system on students' skills. Swarna received her Bachelors degree in India.

Advisor: Dr. Tracy Hammond

SRL MS Thesis Defense of Siddhartha Karthik Copesetty. Friday, June 10. Title: Labeling by Example

Thesis Defense
Friday, June 10
 
Title: Labeling by Example

Siddhartha Karthik Copesetty
1:00pm Friday, June 10, 2016
Room 326 Teague Building

Abstract
Sketch Recognition is recognition of hand drawn diagrams. Recognizing sketches instantaneously, is necessary to build beautiful interfaces with real time feedback. There are various techniques to quickly recognize sketches into ten or even twenty classes. But, what if we have 100,000 sketches and want to classify them into 3000 different classes? Using the existing techniques, it takes forever and ever to accurately classify an incoming sketch into one of these 3000 classes. For example, a class of hundred sketches takes two hours to get classified into one of the 3000 classes. This is very very slow, takes significant computation overhead and is not practical. So, to make things faster, we propose to have multiple stages of recognition. In the initial stage, the sketch is recognized starting from the outer level, moving level by level into the center of the sketch. This recognition is done by matching it against a set of sketch domain descriptions, resulting in a list of classes that the sketch could possible be, along with the accuracy and precision for each. For the ones with accuracy less than a threshold value, they go through a second stage of recognition. In this stage, feature values are calculated and evaluated against our model to accurately classify the sketch. Thus, the time taken to classify such huge datasets of sketches decreases significantly with increase in accuracy and precision.

Biography
Siddhartha Karthik Copesetty is a master’s student in the Sketch Recognition Lab. He completed his undergraduate degree in Computer Science at National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, India. He was a software engineering intern at Yahoo!, Sunnyvale last summer.

Advisor: Dr. Tracy Hammond

SRL PhD Dissertation defense Stephanie Valentine. Friday, June 10. Title: Design, Deployment, Identity, & Conformity: An Analysis of Children's Online Social Networks

Dissertation Defense
Friday, June 10

Title: Design, Deployment, Identity, & Conformity: An Analysis of Children's Online Social Networks

Stephanie Valentine
10:00am Friday, June 10, 2016
Room 326 Teague Building

Abstract
Preadolescents (children aged 7 to 12 years) are participating on online social networks whether we, as a society, like it or not. Enacted by the United States Congress in 1998, the collection of online data about children under the age of 13 is illegal without express parental consent. As such, most mainstream social networks such as Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram limit their registration by requiring new users to assert that they are at least 13 years of age, an assertion which is often falsified. Researchers, bound by the same legal requirements regarding online data collection, have resorted to surveys and interviews to understand how and why children interact on social networks. While valuable, these prior works explain only what children say they do online, and not what they actually do on a daily basis. In this work, we describe the design, development, deployment, and analysis of our own online social network for children, KidGab. This work explores common social networking affordances for adults and their suitability for child audiences; analyzes the participatory behaviors of our users (Girl Scouts from around central Texas) and describes how they shaped KidGab's continuing growth; discusses our quantitative analysis of users' tendencies and proclivities toward identity exploration; leverages graph algorithms and link-analysis techniques to understand the sociality of conformity on the network; and finally, this work describes the lessons we learned about children's social networks and social networking througout KidGab's 450 days of active deployment. 

Biography
Stephanie Valentine is a PhD candidate in the Department of Computer Science & Engineering at Texas A&M University. A Nebraska native, Valentine completed a BA in Computer Science with a minor in Electronic Publishing from Saint Mary's University of Minnesota. Valentine is an NSF Graduate Fellow, winner of the Susan M. Arseven ’75 Make A-Difference Award, and Vice President of the CSE Departmental graduate student association. Valentine's research focuses around understanding how children communicate in online social networks and empowering children to have safe, healthy, and expressive digital friendships. Valentine is also the founding president of Wired Youth, Inc., a 501(c)3 non-profit organization that works to educate the community about safe social networking for children as an active prevention strategy for cyberbullying, online predation, and other cyberthreats.Stephanie Valentine is a PhD student in the Department of Computer Science & Engineering at Texas A&M University. A Nebraska native, Valentine completed a BA in Computer Science with a minor in Electronic Publishing from Saint Mary's University of Minnesota. Valentine is an NSF Graduate Fellow, winner of the Susan M. Arseven ’75 Make-A-Difference Award, recipient of the 2016 NCWIT Collegiate Award (Honorable Mention), and winner of the 2015 Texas A&M University Department of Computer Science & Engineering Mentoring Excellence Award. Valentine's research focuses around understanding how children communicate on online social networks and empowering children to have safe, healthy, and expressive digital friendships. Valentine is also the founding president of Wired Youth, Inc., a 501(c)3 non-profit organization that works to educate the community about safe social networking for children as an active prevention strategy for cyberbullying, online predation, and other cyberthreats.

Advisor: Dr. Tracy Hammond

Monday, April 18, 2016

SRL at Aggieland Saturday

On February 13th, the Sketch Recognition Lab volunteered to participate in Aggieland Saturday. This event is a campus-wide open-house for visitors, primarily high school students and their families, to come and see the happenings in various departments across the university. Members of SRL, directed by Dr. Tracy Hammond, signed up to fill presentation and lab tour slots to demonstrate a few projects and to talk to the students and families who came to visit.

The main Texas A&M University campus was bustling with visitors, tour guides, volunteers, and various organizations and businesses from around town. Some of the students that came to the SRL presentation were from across the state, having made the drive to come to the event and to explore what TAMU had to offer.

Over the span of the day, SRL gave four demonstrations for visitors who were welcomed to Aggieland and the lab. Seth Polsley lead the presentation of projects.

(Left to Right: Cassandara Oduola, Seth Polsley, and Pernendu Kaul presenting to visitors)

In their last presenation of the day, SRL members Cassandara Oduola, Seth Polsley, and Pernendu Kaul ran demonstrations of eye tracking technology, Mechanix, and Persketchitivity.

Polsley, in his welcome speech, gave a brief introduction of a few projects to demonstrate the vast areas of interest that are covered in the lab - from KidGab, a social media for children to learn about Internet safety, all the way to SmartStrokes, a digitalized version of neuropsychology tests in the medical field.

"All kinds of things go on in our lab. We have lots of grad students and lots and lots of undergrad students," he continued. "So I'm so happy that you guys are here and get to see what's going on in the lab."

With the greeting and quick summary of the lab complete, the volunteers moved on to demonstrations of a few projects they set up for the visitors to interact with.

Kaul kicked this portion of the presentation with an eye tracking system. While it was not hooked up to a program to use it with, a visitor was able to calibrate the system and see as the screen reacted - a series of eight circles with plus signs inside of them were arranged around the perimeter of the screen, a ninth circle was in the middle of the screen. After calibration, the circle a user stares at will light up red.

"Is it going to hurt?" The visitor questioned when he sat in front of the mechanism. Kaul quickly assured him that it wouldn't and not to worry.

"We would need you to sign a waiver if it did," Oduola joked, easing the tension of the question.

"When the documents come out, that's when you want to hesitate," Polsley teased further before continuing more seriously. "Eye tracking is actually very interesting because it's very non-invasive and it's becoming available for the desktop. We don't actually have any of the projects that use eye tracking set up today, because most of the people who use it aren't here, but you can see the system."

(Kaul and a volunteer demonstrating the eye tracking technology)

The visiting high school students eagerly watched as the system worked, highlighting each dot that was being traced in various patterns.

The demonstration moved onward and onto the large Microsoft Surface. Polsley opened Mechanix on the large touchscreen, describing that the program was made for teaching civil engineering students how to solve truss and free diagram problems.

"It's primarily to help educators in large classes automatically have some evaluation metric for their students," he explained. "And then for the students to get feedback as they go through these problems."

He took a few minutes to explain the interface and invite the visitors to interact with the large touchscreen by sketching and solving the tutorial problems presented by Mechanix.

As they continued to explain the program, Polsley took the visitors step by step through a full, but simple, practice problem. For each part, he asked for someone to draw and test the program as he described what was happening in the system to create the feedback and the images that appeared on the screen.

“This is a collaborative way of solving a problem,” he joked as he watched someone draw a force direction pointing to a node in a truss. “This system is built with multiple layers. There is the sketch recognition aspect and error recognizers, but we also have a linear algebra solver that can understand these equations, so that, as students are going through the homework, we can evaluate if they’re solving every part of the problem correctly. So this is quite an expansive system.”

After concluding their segment on Mechanix, the SRL volunteers moved on to demonstrating a similar program, Persketchativity, a program that is designed to help people learn drawing. It is particularly useful for people doing graphic design or art courses in which students need to learn to draw perspective. As with Mechanix, Persketchativity starts users off slowly with practices regarding drawing lines and simple geometric shapes. Eventually, its lessons get more and more complex until they involve drawing perspective and more advanced shapes.


(SRL Members Seth Polsley and Cassandara Oduola demonstrating Persketchativity)

Unique to Persketchativity is the error analysis, which shows a graphical image of how far off mark a drawing is by connecting the input sketch with the correct lines. 

Polsley quickly took the visitors through the first lesson on lines so that he could demonstrate the analytics of the program. “So at the end it’s going to give me some metrics on my speed, my smoothness, my error analysis, and things like that. Anything a professor might be interested in.” He opened another lesson as he continued. “So you can see how this would be a helpful tool for students and the metrics at the end make it nice for the professor to use.”

After the demonstration concluded, the SRL volunteers stressed that, while education was a large area that held opportunities for the lab, the projects created and research studied spanned a wide variety of fields. They touched on, for example, how there was also a focus on health research in the lab, because there are a vast number of ways to use the recognition systems used in education to help in medical fields.

“We have a lot of projects,” Polsley commented as his fellow lab members agreed with nods. “It’s a big lab. We’ve made navigation systems using haptic, which is just touch-vibration. We have a vest that was developed for the military to help troopers find rendezvous points and a group that is working on a similar system to help the visually impaired navigate based on touch.”

After the SRL members concluded their speech, they opened the floor to questions and interactions with the visiting students and their parents. Many of the students expressed enthusiasm for what they were shown and finding ways to be involved with the lab, regardless of whether or not they were interested in computer science or other branches of technology or engineering.

“This is a huge research institution,” Polsley offered as both a final statement and an invitation for future interaction with the lab. “It’s a massive university, and has a lot of potential for anything that interests you, so it’s all pretty exciting.”

Thursday, April 14, 2016

SRL wins 5 awards at the 2015 Spring IAP Poster Competition and CSE Banquet

On April 20th, 2015, the Sketch Recognition Lab, directed by Dr. Tracy Hammond, kicked off a busy, bustling afternoon that included both the IAP Poster Competition and, soon after, the Computer Science and Engineering Departmental Banquet and Awards Ceremony. 

Seven members of SRL, six graduates and one undergraduate presented posters at the IAP Competition. Many of the judges later commented on how impressed they were with the work and presentations of the SRL members.


The hard work that everyone put into their presentations was reflected at the awards ceremony later that evening, with Seth Polsley winning second place and Stephanie Valentine tying for first place in the IAP poster competition!

Additionally, Trevor Nelligan won the Undergraduate Research Award, Stephanie Valentine won the Mentorship Excellence Award, and Rafael (Rafa) Moreno won the Undergraduate Leadership Award at the CSE banquet! Congratulations to everyone!! 


Rafa Moreno, who recently joined SRL as an undergraduate researcher working on Smart Strokes with Raniero Lara Garduno, stated, "It feels pretty good to win the award, not for the award itself, but the fact that someone agrees with you on the impact of what you are doing, and how many people it is positively affecting."

Outside of the lab, Moreno is interested in machine learning and computer vision as it relates to artificial intelligence. He is also the president of TAMUHack and helps the organization and growth of the "hackathon".

SRL MS Student Seth Polsley, one of six graduate students who presented in the poster competition, won second place for his research with Mechanix.


Polsley's poster focused on the trends regarding student interaction with the problems given to them in Mechanix. For example, how many times have students tried to correctly answer specific problems? At what point in an assignment did a concept throw students off and caused them to struggle?

Everyone has experienced the stress and frustration that occurs when a problem can’t be solved immediately or even after a few tries. The more frustration that builds up, the harder and more irritating the problem becomes. However, sometimes the best solution is to let it go. Relax. Coming back to a problem an hour or a day later can sometimes make it easier to think logically and solve it. 

“Sometimes you need a break,” Polsley stated about struggling with a question. “Maybe we can add something in Mechanix that pops up after a certain number of attempts on a question. It may just be something like ‘go ahead and continue and come back later.’” 

Like Polsley, Nelligan's research and studies have focused on Mechanix this semester. Trevor Nelligan won the Undergraduate Research Excellence Award for his presentation for the IAP competition.


Mechanix is an innovative and digital learning area for beginners. The program itself allows for instructors to create practice problems for students. Users can then sketch images into the program and add force and force direction to solve the problems and produce formulas.

Once a problem is worked out by a student, they can submit it for instant feedback and correction. This is particularly helpful in a large class where handwritten assignments are necessary – for example, an engineering or mathematics class. While it would take time for an instructor to grade and comment on every student’s assignment, Mechanix allows for students to be automatically evaluated and given feedback to help students understand what was missed in the problem.

SRL PhD Candidate Stephanie Valentine also presented at the IAP Competition and won first place for her research covering her work with KidGab. Valentine’s colorful poster resembled a screenshot of a social media site with the flair of her own touch. 

Along with her poster, Valentine set up a tablet in her presentation that constantly showed a looped video about how sketches on KidGab can become videos of the drawing being created, pen stroke by pen stroke. While this is currently a fun, leisure application found in KidGab, it can be used in an educational setting to make videos about concepts learned in class – for example, a sketch about how to solve a problem using long division.

In her presentation, Valentine gave a brief rundown on her social network for kids aged 7 to 12. Her goal of educating children on how to be safe online and have a responsible digital self were a driving force behind her speech. She also touched on how KidGab is used by children that she has worked with during Digital Friendship workshops to identify and express themselves.
  
Congratulations to everyone who participated and to everyone who was awarded for their posters and involvement with the CSE Department!

With the stress of research competitions out of the way for the moment, SRL attended the end of the year banquet for the Computer Science and Engineering Department at Texas A&M University. The senior capstone groups – who have mentors in the SRL – had posters on display for the first half of the night.

With a beautiful layout and delicious food, the evening was a nice breather to the hectic schedule that members of the SRL usually face. In fact, it became an event for everyone to have fun, chat, and shake the stress off on the dance floor – perhaps while learning a few new steps along the way.